20. Biological Sex

“Biological sex should not determine what we are capable of, what we aspire to, or what we do in our life.”
Anne-Marie Slaughter

Biological sex is defined so far as our Purpose as the genotypic differentiation of humans by those who have X chromosomes only who in common usage are called girls, women, or females, and those who have X and Y chromosomes who are termed boys, men, or males. These terms are used interchangeably in this work and can be understood to refer to the genotypic sex as defined here. Both of these genotypic groups are necessary to the continuation of human life, requiring the union of both genotypic classes gametes to reproduce. In our species’ case, the female alone has the distinction of fulfilling the arduous role of gestating the young.

This gestational function forms the primary distinction between the human sexes. It is this distinction that forms the only proper division between men and women. This conclusion is not to deny the general phenotypic differences between males and females or imply that women are simply men with wombs. Indeed, each of us needs only to look around ourselves or consult with our experience to determine that, in the aggregate, women and men differ significantly from each other. These aggregated differences hold true in all areas from mental processes to physical abilities to each group’s propensity to suffer from certain diseases. However, these differences, while real, when taken as averages, they are not absolutes except in so far as they causally relate to the gestational function.

Take, for example, the general fact that women are physically smaller than men. This is indeed true; in any given population, more women will be smaller than the statistical mean for that society than men. However, this does not mean that any given woman will be smaller than any given man. The same follows for other average characteristics of women compared to men: the supposed greater people focus, higher nurture instinct, lower aggression levels, or any of the other stereotypical female traits or their converse masculine trait. While, in general, it is true that a man may be more aggressive than a woman, it is not always so. One man may be more aggressive than any given women or vice versa just as any one person may be more aggressive than any other person.

If these traits are not consistent between the sexes, then it logically follows that they must not be essential elements of the thing itself. Based on this definition, it is a logical necessity that men and women are defined by their genotype (XX or XY), not their particular behavioural traits. This definition holds true even if phenotypically they present with atypical sexual characteristics, are reproductively unsound, or suffer from genetic abnormalities such as Klinefelter Syndrome (XXY), Superman Syndrome (XYY), or Turner Syndrome (X) to list just a few. If a person has a Y chromosome, they are male, and they are a female if they do not.

Having established the distinction in our species between the two genotypes of male and female, we must now discuss the roles of each and any differences in treatment that are appropriate due to the distinction of sex. This discussion is necessary due to the focus on reproduction as a key requirement for the achievement of the primary path of the Individual Purpose. This focus, coupled with women’s unique gestational abilities, it is natural to wonder if the role of women and men in a community influenced by this philosophical position may differ from that in the current individual-focused society.

Some individuals have wondered if the renewed focus on family and children must come at the expense of women’s gains in the world of work since the 1960s and 1970s. If women and girls are encouraged to have children again, they wonder ‘if this is a dog whistle to those who would place women back in domestic servitude’. This regressive reaction could not be further from the truth; however, it does warrant a clear explanation to avoid misunderstanding. As such, the next chapter will discuss discrimination, starting with discrimination based on sex.

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